Now known as Mount McLoughlin, this sentinel of the Southern Oregon Cascades was commonly called Snowy Butte by settlers in the Rogue River region in the 1800s. At 9,500 feet, it is the shortest of the six volcanic peaks in the Oregon Cascades; but as a regional landmark, it is as iconic to Southern Oregon as Mt. Hood is to Portland and Mt. Shasta to Northern California. It has a curious naming history. First named Mount Sastise by 1820s explorer Peter Skene Ogden (for the Shasta, or Sastise, Indians of the region), it then became Mount Pitt after cartographers swapped names with Mount Shasta. As whites began settling Southern Oregon in the 1840s-50s, it was given other names, including Snowy Butte, Big Butte and Mount John Quincy Adams. And, of course, each of the tribes who lived around the base of the mountain—the Takelma, Shasta, Klamath and Modoc's—had their own names. The Oregon Legislative Assembly settled the issue in 1905 (for Euro-Americans at least) by officially naming it after John McLoughlin, the highly regarded chief factor of the Hudson Bay Company, who later became an American citizen. The U.S. Board of Geographic Names followed suit in 1912.